Section Original Articles

Solubility of glass ionomer cement in various acidic beverages at different time intervals: an in vitro study


Jaiswal Smritti
Pusarapu Kusumitha
Rama Krishna Alla
Vineeth Guduri
AV Ramaraju
Suresh Sajjan MC

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Abstract

Background: Glass Ionomer is a widely used cement in dentistry for luting and restoration purposes. This cement leaches a large amount of fluoride ions leading to an increase in the early solubility and disintegration in the oral fluids. The solubility of the cement is further aggravated when it is exposed to an acidic medium.


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the solubility of glass ionomer cement (GIC) in various acidic beverages at different time intervals.


Materials and Methods: Four commercially available beverages and distilled water was used as immersion media. The pH of the beverages was measured using a digital pH meter. Glass ionomer cement discs were prepared and immersed in beverages for 1 day, 24 hours and 7 days. After completing the immersion time in each beverage for a specific period, the specimens were retrieved and weighed. The solubility was calculated by subtracting the weight at the specific immersion period from the initial weight of the specimen.  


Results: Immersion in distilled water demonstrated less solubility compared to immersion in acidic beverages. Among the acidic beverages, GIC immersed in MAAZA showed the maximum solubility compared to the other beverages. One-Way ANOVA displayed a significant difference (p=0.000) among the beverages at different time intervals.


Conclusions: This study found that the GIC immersed in fruit juices with preservatives showed more solubility at all time intervals compared to the immersion in carbonated drinks.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

Author Biographies

Jaiswal Smritti, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Pusarapu Kusumitha, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Rama Krishna Alla, Vishnu Dental College

Associate Professor, Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Vineeth Guduri, Vishnu Dental College

Reader, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

AV Ramaraju, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Suresh Sajjan MC, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

CITATION
DOI: 10.37983/IJDM.2022.4401
Published: 2022-12-31
How to Cite
Smritti, J., Kusumitha, P., Alla, R. K., Guduri, V., Ramaraju, A., & Sajjan MC, S. . (2022). Solubility of glass ionomer cement in various acidic beverages at different time intervals: an in vitro study. International Journal of Dental Materials, 4(4), 78-81. https://doi.org/10.37983/IJDM.2022.4401

References

  1. Anusavice KJ, Phillip’s Science of Dental Materials, WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 2003, 11th Edition, 443-493.
  2. Rama Krishna Alla, Dental Materials Science, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Pvt Limited, New Delhi, India, 2013, 1st Edition, 91-125.
  3. Sakaguchi RL, Powers JM, Craig’s Restorative Dental Materials, Elsevier, Mosby, Philadelphia, 2011, 12th Edition, 327-348.
  4. Ladha K, Verma M, Conventional and Contemporary Luting Cements: An Overview, J Indian Prosthodont Soc. 2010;10(2), 79-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13191-010-0022-0
  5. de la Macorra JC, Pradíes G, Conventional and adhesive luting cements, Clin Oral Invest. 2002;6(4):198-204. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-002-0184-1
  6. Jivraj SA, Kim TH, Donovan TE. Selection of luting agents, part 1. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2006;34(2):149-160.
  7. Kim TH, Jivraj SA, Donovan TE. Selection of luting Agents, part 2. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2006.34(2):161-166.
  8. Sita Ramaraju DV, Alla RK, Alluri VR, Raju MA. A review of conventional and contemporary luting agents used in dentistry. American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2014;2(3):28-35. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajmse-2-3-1
  9. Al-Shekhli R, Wahab AA. Solubility of four dental luting cements. Journal of International Dental & Medical Research. 2010;3(3):104-107.
  10. Pluim LJ, Arends J, Havinga P, Jongebloed WL, Stokroos I. Quantitative cement solubility experiments in vivo. J Oral Rehabil, 1984;11(2):171-179. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1984.tb00566.x
  11. Yesil Duymus Z. An investigation of pH changes of various cements. Quintessence Int. 2004;35(9):753-757.
  12. Walls AWG, McCabe JF, Murray JJ. The effect of the variation in pH of the eroding solution upon the erosion resistance of glass polyalkenoate (ionomer) cements. Br Dent J. 1988;164(5):141-144. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4806382
  13. Mojon P, Kaltio R, Feduik D, Hawbolt EB, McEntee Ml. Shortterm contamination of luting cements by water and saliva. Dent Mater. 1996;12(2): 83-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0109-5641(96)80073-X
  14. Yap A, Lee CM. Water sorption and solubility of resin-modified polyalkenoate cements. J Oral Rehabil. 1997;24(4): 310-314. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2842.1997.d01-282.x
  15. Fukasawa M, Matsuya S, Yamane M. The mechanism for erosion of glass-ionomer cements in organic-acid buffer solutions. J Dent Res. 1990;69(5): 1175-1179. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345900690051001
  16. Murakomi H, Matsuya Y, Matsuya S. Dissolution mechanism of zinc phosphate dental cement in acetic and lactic acid buffers. Biomaterials. 1990;11(6): 435-440. https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-9612(90)90101-U
  17. Mitra SB, Kedrowski BL. Long-term mechanical properties of glass ionomers. Dent Mater. 1994;10(2):78-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/0109-5641(94)90044-2
  18. Uno S, Finger WJ, Fritz U. Long-term mechanical characteristics of resin-modified glass ionomer restorative materials. Dental Mater. 1996;12(1):64-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0109-5641(96)80066-2
  19. Malacarne J, Carvalho RM, De Goes MF, Svirzero N, Pashley DH, Tay F et al. Water sorption/solubility of dental adhesive resins. Dent Mater. 2006;22(10): 973-980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2005.11.020
  20. Mesu FP. Degradation of luting cements measured in vitro. J Dent Res. 1982;61(5):665-72. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345820610050901
  21. McLean JW Clinical applications of glass ionomer cements. Oper Dent 1992; 17: 184-190.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>