International Journal of Dental Materials <p align="justify"><strong>Focus and Scope: </strong>International Journal of Dental Materials welcomes editorial queries, original studies, evidence-based research works and practical innovations, reviews, case reports and concise communications. This journal intends to knowledge transfer and spread verified information from valuable researchers to all fellow dental fraternity. Manuscripts showcasing studies on dental biomaterial properties, performance, induced host response, immunology and toxicology will attain the highest priority for publication. Documentation emphasising advancing dental technology, innovations in dental materials design and their clinical viability succeeds the hierarchy of publishing preference.</p> en-US <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. Rama Krishna Alla) (Dr. Rama Krishna Alla) Thu, 25 Aug 2022 12:38:52 +0000 OJS 60 Prosthetic management of severely resorbed mandibular ridge using neutral zone technique in complete dentures: a case report <p>Any prosthodontic procedure aims to restore a patient's function, contours, aesthetics, speech, and health to normal. In traditional complete dentures, achieving optimal denture stability is always found to be a challenge. This is often exacerbated in resorbed mandibular ridges. Therefore, this article describes a strategy for enhancing the retention of mandibular complete dentures for individuals with an extremely resorbed ridge. A patient reported to the department of prosthodontics with a chief complaint of loose dentures and wanted to get them replaced. A complete clinical examination was carried out which revealed severely resorbed mandibular ridge. After a complete evaluation, prosthetic rehabilitation with a complete denture using the neutral zone technique was panned. The complete denture was made and delivered to the patient was superior in terms of stability, function and aesthetics. The clinician should understand the advantages of the neutral zone technique and implement it in clinical practice so that a prosthesis that is functionally, physiologically and psychologically acceptable to the patient can be delivered.</p> Teena Wilson, R Ravichandran, K Harsha Kumar, Vivek V Nair Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Dental Materials Thu, 25 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Materials and methods used for adhesive remnant removal and polishing of enamel after orthodontic treatment: a review <p>Brackets are generally debonded and the remaining adhesive is removed at the end of the orthodontic treatment. There are different methods for adhesive removal of which few methods have a chance of damaging enamel and roughening the tooth surface which can lead to plaque accumulation, discolouration, and aesthetic problems. Enamel polishing after debonding is one strategy to decrease such consequences. Several enamel cleaning and polishing methods include Sof-Lex discs, TC burs, ultrasonic tools, hand instruments, rubbers, composite burs, Arkansas stones, green stones, diamond burs, steel burs and lasers. Each method has some advantages and some lacunae. To be precise soflex discs and TC burs have less damage on enamel than other methods, i.e., Arkansas stone and greenstone. This article is a review of available different enamel cleaning and polishing methods after debonding, their advantages and disadvantages.</p> Pradeep Kandikatla, Priyanka Polineti, R Ushasree, Pavan Kumar Chiluvuri Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Dental Materials Thu, 25 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 An overview of dental implant biomaterials <p>Regardless of stomatognathic system atrophy, illness, or injury, modern dentistry endeavours to restore the patient to normal shape, function, comfort, aesthetics, speech, and health. Predictable success is now a reality for the rehabilitation of many difficult conditions as a result of ongoing research in treatment planning, implant designs, materials, and methodologies. The medical fields have long placed a strong emphasis on the biocompatibility properties of synthetic materials (biomaterials) used to replace biological tissues. In addition, implant biomaterials must be suitable in terms of mechanical strength, biocompatibility, and structural biostability in order to function at their best. In this article, the various implant biomaterials with their properties and applicability to implant dentistry are discussed.</p> Rama Krishna Ravi, Gopala Krishna Ganta, Nallakunta Rajesh, Satyanarayana Reddy Duvvuri, P Sesha Reddy, Raghavendra Prasad Reddy Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Dental Materials Thu, 25 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 An analogy between maxillary anterior teeth dimensions measured using facial proportions and Chu proportion gauge: an in vivo study <p><strong>Background:</strong> A fine balancing of geometric concepts and artistic abilities is required while designing smiles. One of the key elements that make up the smile frame is tooth size. The maxillary front teeth are the most noticeable in the smile arch, therefore choosing the right tooth size and positioning it in the maxilla improves both aesthetics and treatment outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> This study aimed to compare the dimensions of maxillary anterior teeth measured with vernier callipers and CHU proportion gauge with facial proportions such as intercanthal distance, interalar width and bizygomatic width.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> On a sample of 100, Facial proportions, mesiodistal width, and height of maxillary anterior teeth were recorded using digital callipers and a Chu proportion gauge. The recorded data were subjected to statistical analysis. Mean comparisons of each width were done using a t-test, ANOVA and Tukey’s Post-hoc test considering a p-value less than 0.05 to be statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Mean values of the combined width of anteriors calculated using Chu gauge was 45.08, and that calculated using Vernier Callipers was 45.85. Multiplying the factor 1.47 to Inner canthal width and 1.42 to Interalar width results in the combined width of the maxillary anterior teeth. A mean difference of 0.02620 ± 0.91777 and 0.4988 ± 0.91777 exists between Inner canthal and Combined Chu’s width with a 0.04% and 0.34% error in younger and elder age populations, respectively. A mean difference of -11.4775 ± 0.91777 and -11.6039 ± 0.91777 exists between Combined mesiodistal width obtained by using Chu’s width and bizygomatic width with a 0.01% error in younger and elder age populations, respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study reported a negligible 0.7 difference in the means of the combined width of anteriors calculated using Chu gauge and Vernier Callipers. Hence, these two methods can be used as alternatives to calculate the width of anterior teeth.</p> Sravalli Kodipalli, M Praveen, Ravalika N Kothuri Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Dental Materials Thu, 25 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Simulations of silicon nanowire sensor and an integrated smart bio-nano sensor <p><strong>Background:</strong> Simulation-based nano biosensors have been introduced in recent times that will provide a model for the researchers to verify various critical functions of them, which could effectively save time, money, and effort.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> In this study, we have performed simulations of a silicon nanowire (Si-NW) biosensor, and its various parameters were evaluated. This silicon sensor was designed using the BiosensorLab tool, a simulator from the nanohub website. This paper also presented an Integrated Smart Bio-nano Sensor. The motivation behind this smart sensor was that an incident happened in one of the southern states of India, in the year 2020; the leakage of styrene gas (C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>8</sub>) from the Polymers industry caused 12 deaths and several people hospitalized. Most people died after they inhaled styrene gas because they thought the pungent smell (of styrene gas) was also part of their kitchen’s emissions. This incident prompted us to propose an Integrated Smart Bio-nano Sensor.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The proposed sensor was capable of classifying the origin of sources of emissions dynamically (smart), even under lower concentrations of gas levels (25 ppm) and could alert the habitants in case of untoward danger.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> After verifying settling time vs. analyte concentration, the density of captured target molecules concentration with time vs. time, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the biosensor in the presence of parasitic molecules vs. receptor density, it was concluded that these three parameters have helped in identifying the characteristics of the proposed bio-nano sensor. </p> K. K. J. Chakravarthy, Brahmanandam P.S., D. M. Potukuchi, G. Anil Kumar, N. S. Subba Rao Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Dental Materials Thu, 25 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000