Fluoride releasing restorative materials: a review

Authors

  • Brunda Neti Vishnu Dental College
  • Gowthami Sayana Vishnu Dental College
  • Lahari Muddala Vishnu Dental College
  • Satyanaryana Raju Mantena Vishnu Dental College
  • Anusha Yarram Vishnu Dental College
  • Harsha GVD Vishnu Dental College

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37983/IJDM.2020.2104

Keywords:

Anticariogenic property, Fluoride release, Glass ionomer cement, Composites, amalgam

Abstract

Fluoride compounds are incorporated as anticariogenic agents in numerous restorative materials. Incorporation of fluoride into restorative materials impart anticariogenic character by various mechanisms including reduction of demineralisation, enhancement of remineralisation, interference of pellicle and plaque and inhibition of microbial growth and metabolism. In addition, the application of the topical fluoride in the form of toothpaste and varnish is also considered as the most effective method of caries prevention. The fluoride combines with HA of the tooth and forms an acid-resistant fluorapatite (FAP) crystals. Also, fluoride enters into the cells of the bacteria and inhibits carbohydrate metabolism, which eventually kills the bacteria. The objective of this review was to emphasise the fluoride-releasing restorative materials available in dentistry.

Author Biographies

Gowthami Sayana, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Lahari Muddala, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Satyanaryana Raju Mantena, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Anusha Yarram, Vishnu Dental College

Reader, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Harsha GVD, Vishnu Dental College

Senior Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Published

2020-03-09

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Section

Review Articles