Section Review Articles

An overview of advances in glass ionomer cements


Udaya Sri Naga Gayatri Saridena
Gnana Siva Sai Jayalaksmi Sanka
Rama Krishna Alla
Alluri Venkata Ramaraju
Suresh Sajjan MC
Satyanarayana Raju Mantena

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Abstract

Glass-ionomer dental cements (GICs) are aesthetic direct restorative materials with anticariogenic activity. Glass-ionomers are composed of alumino-silicate glass powder and poly acrylic acid liquid. The significant characteristics of GICs among restorative materials are their ability to bond to moist tooth structure without any pre-treatment and to provide a prolonged period of fluoride release, which prevents subsequent tooth decay (caries). These characteristics, along with the materials' acceptable aesthetics and biocompatibility, make them popular and desirable for use in medical and dental applications. However, GICs exhibit poor mechanical qualities and moisture sensitivity. To improve their mechanical and physical qualities, the GIC powders have undergone extensive formulation and modification. This paper provides an overview of various fillers used to enhance the mechanical and physical properties of GICs.

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Author Biographies

Udaya Sri Naga Gayatri Saridena, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate Student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Gnana Siva Sai Jayalaksmi Sanka, Vishnu Dental College

Undergraduate Student, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Rama Krishna Alla, Vishnu Dental College

Associate Professor, Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Alluri Venkata Ramaraju, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Suresh Sajjan MC, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

Satyanarayana Raju Mantena, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

CITATION
DOI: 10.37983/IJDM.2022.4403
Published: 2022-12-31
How to Cite
Saridena, U. S. N. G., Sanka, G. S. S. J., Alla, R. K., Ramaraju, A. V., Sajjan MC, S. ., & Mantena, S. R. (2022). An overview of advances in glass ionomer cements. International Journal of Dental Materials, 4(4), 89-94. https://doi.org/10.37983/IJDM.2022.4403

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