Mineral Trioxide Aggregate: an overview of composition, properties and clinical applications

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37983/IJDM.2020.2103

Keywords:

MTA, Ca(OH)2, Portland cement, Fillapex

Abstract

“Mineral trioxide aggregate” is a cementitious material, which is popular by its trade name MTA. It was first introduced in the year 1993 by Mohmoud Torabinejad at Loma Linda University in California, USA. MTA is a powder mixture of Portland cement clinker, bismuth oxide, and gypsum. It has gained a lot of importance in dentistry in recent years. This importance is because of its extensive use as apical restorative material as well as a medicament for Apexogenesis and Apexification treatment. As it sets by hydration process, the byproducts of insoluble calcium silicate hydrate and alkaline calcium hydroxide offer unique stability and potential to enhance hard tissue regeneration.  This article reviewed the composition, types, properties of MTA and also its applications in the practice of dentistry.

Author Biographies

Rama Krishna Alla, Vishnu Dental College

Assistant Professor, Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, India.

Vineeth Guduri, Vishnu Dental College

Reader, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, India.

Ramaraju AV, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, India.

Suresh Sajjan MC, Vishnu Dental College

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, India.

Venkateswara Raju Rudraraju, Vishnu Dental College

Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram – 534202, West Godavari, India.

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Published

2020-03-09

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Review Articles