Fiber-reinforced composites in endodontic practice: a review

Authors

  • Sowmya Mudunuri Vishnu Dental College
  • K Madhu Varma Vishnu Dental College
  • R Kalyan Satish Vishnu Dental College
  • Manthena Sita Rama Kumar Vishnu Dental College
  • Jetty Sai Dinesh Vishnu Dental College
  • Pulidindi Anil Kumar Vishnu Dental College

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37983/IJDM.2020.2404

Keywords:

Composites, Fiber-reinforced composites, Fibers, glass fibers, Carbon fibers, Polyethylene fibers, Aramid fibers, Endodontic treatment

Abstract

Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) are a group of non-metallic biomaterials characterized by good mechanical properties, such as high fatigue resistance and fracture toughness growing in popularity in several dental applications. FRCs are a combination of two materials: the reinforcing phase in the form of fibers, which are embedded into the other material, called the matrix phase. Factors influencing the properties of FRCs include fibre properties versus polymer matrix properties, impregnation of fibres in the resin, adhesion of fibres to the polymer matrix, quantity and direction of fibres, and location of the fibre-rich phase in construction. The most commonly used applications of FRCs are in removable dentures, minimally invasive fixed dental prostheses, periodontal splints, root canal posts, and orthodontic retainers. This article discusses in detail the applications of FRCs in endodontics, including root canal posts, reinforcement of restorative composites in restorations and core build-ups and splinting of teeth in dental trauma.

Author Biographies

K Madhu Varma, Vishnu Dental College

Professor,

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics,

Bhimavaram.

R Kalyan Satish, Vishnu Dental College

Professor,

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bhimavaram.

Manthena Sita Rama Kumar , Vishnu Dental College

Reader,

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics,

Bhimavaram.

Jetty Sai Dinesh, Vishnu Dental College

Postgraduate student,

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics,

Bhimavaram.

Pulidindi Anil Kumar, Vishnu Dental College

Senior lecturer,

Department of Conservative dentistry and endodontics,

Bhimavaram.

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2020-12-29

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